Understanding Process Changes in PMBOK® Guide—Sixth Edition

This article dives one layer deeper to discover the process changes in A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide)—Sixth Edition.

First, the math…

When I introduce the PMI framework to new project managers, I explain that they will need to adjust to “new math.” I explain that the mapping of the five process groups sorted vertically across 10 horizontal knowledge areas results in simple math. Five multiplied by 10 equals 47 (5 X 10 = 47). It’s enough to get their attention and allows me to explain the interactions between process groups and knowledge areas.

In the sixth edition, the math came very close to being true. There are now 49 process groups (compared to 47 in the fifth edition).

Processes sorted by knowledge area: old vs. new

1. Project Integration Management

  • One process added. Within the Executing Process Group, “Manage Project Knowledge” has been added. The goal of this process is to leverage prior organizational knowledge to improve outcomes. In addition, it ensures knowledge built from the current project will be available for future initiatives. Think of it as using and creating lessons learned.

The net impact of this change on this knowledge area is an increase of total process from six to seven.

2. Project Scope Management

No changes to the names or number of processes.

3. Project Schedule Management

  • This knowledge area was renamed from Project Time Management. “Estimate Activity Resources” was removed.

The net impact of these changes for this knowledge area from seven to six.

4. Project Cost Management

No changes to the names or number of processes.

5. Project Quality Management

  • “Perform Quality Assurance” is replaced by “Manage Quality.”

The number of processes remain at three.

6. Project Resource Management

  • This knowledge area was renamed from Project Human Resource Management.
  • “Plan Human Resource Management” is replaced by “Plan Resource Management.”
  • “Estimate Activity Resources” has been added to the Planning Process Group. The goal of this process is to estimate the team (human) resource and the type and quantity of materials, equipment and supplies needed for the project.
  • “Acquire Project Team” has been replaced with “Acquire Resources.”
  • “Develop Project Team” has been replaced with “Develop Team.”
  • “Manage Project Team” has been replaced by “Manage Team.”
  • “Control Resources” has been added to the Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. The purpose of this process is to ensure the resources assigned to the project are available as planned; monitor utilization and initiate corrective action if required.

The net impact of these changes to this knowledge area is an increase of total process from four to six.

7. Project Communications Management

  • “Monitor Communications” replaced the “Control Communications” process

The number of processes remain at three.

8. Project Risk Management

  • “Implement Risk Responses” process was added to the Executing Process Group. The goal of this process is to implement the agreed-upon risk responses
  • “Monitor Risks” replaced the “Control Risk” process.

The net impact of these changes on this knowledge area is an increase of total process from six to seven.

9. Project Procurement Management

  • The “Close Procurement” process has been removed.

The net impact of these changes on this knowledge area is a decrease of total process from four to three.

10. Project Stakeholder Management

  • “Plan Stakeholder Engagement” replaced “Plan Stakeholder Management.”
  • “Monitor Stakeholder Engagement” replaced “Control Stakeholder Engagement.”

The number of processes remain at four.

Summary

  • PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition had 47 processes. The sixth edition has 49.
  • Two knowledge areas have been renamed.
  • Two processes were removed.
  • Four processes were added.
  • Eight processes were renamed or replaced.
  • Individuals studying for PMI certification after March 2018 can expect to be tested on their awareness of the changes.

Source: www.projectmanagement.com

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